Agriculture

How to cultivate elephant yam in india

How to cultivate elephant yam in india
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How to cultivate elephant yam in India

Today talking about procedures on how to cultivate elephant yam in country India is our priority though this tuber has not gained much popularity in some parts of the world. so get your seat belts ready lets dive in beacuse we will also be learning even about elephant foot yam cultivation in west Bengal. stay tuned….

My Elephant (Amorphophallus companion Blume) is a Araceae

 

Elephant foot yams have  been  grown traditionally by mostly the indigenes of this great india and it ahas been grown  on a profitable scale in these  states of

Andhra Pradesh,

Kerala,

Tamil Nadu

and West Bengal,

information on the area, stated that yield, and yield of this crop are not available in the literature, and this paper have now estimated the expenditure when it comes to  cultivation.

 

In some of these states, excluding West Bengal, farm profit measurements and resource use efficient studies of crops to present total cultivation costs as Rs 1,73,105, Rs 93,450 and Rs 1,68,032/ha and a profit-cost ratio.

Elephant foot yam cultivation in Kerala, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu was surveyed at 1.38, 1.38 and 1.50 respectively.

The range of increased use of these inputs, excluding nitrogen fertilizers in Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh, spending on manure in Tamil Nadu and the workforce employed in Kerala can be strengthened without side effects.

The analysis revealed that in India’s various production systems, farm resources need to be reorganized to maximize the profits of the elephant yam farm.

 

 

Gajendra and Sree Padma are popular categories.

Factors that mostly affect the growth of elephant yam

 

Climate

during cropping in addition to cool and dry climate during whale growth. Pre-rainy season.April – May is the planting season.

The cluster is cut into 750-1000g small pieces in such a way that each section has a small amount of ring around each shoot. The entire 500g size corm can also be used as a planting material.

It is also recommended to use 100g size comel and miniset transplants as planting materials with a 45x30cm spacing. There is also a protrusion with a soft sprout called “”. The corms” theydo not grow actively and should be removed before planting.

Normal size yams give about 6-8 bits to plant. The cut piece is soaked in cow dung solution to prevent evaporation of water from the cut surface. In some places, small round daughter corms are also planted. Cut pieces are planted in beds at intervals of 45 cm x 90 cm, or pits sized 60 x 60 x 45 cm are dug and planted.

The pit should be filled with upper soil and farm garden fertilizer (2 kg / pit) before planting. Plant the pieces so that the germination area (ring) is kept on the soil. About 3500 kg of corm is required to plant one hectare. Harvesting takes place about one month.

 

Field preparation

Soil is brought back to the soil and made into beds of convenient size. Distance: The plots are planted so that the germination area (ring) is kept above the soil. The cultivation took place for about a month.

 

Intercropping

Vegetable cowpea var. Beneficially intercropped in coconut, areca, rubber, banana and coffee plantations at a distance of 90 x 90 cm.5 tons / ha) and one third of the NPK (27:20:33) would be sufficient for intercropping. Stagnant water is harmful to plants, wherever irrigation works are available, it can be watered once a week. . Apply 40:60:50 kg NPK / ha at 45 days after planting together with weeding and intercropping activities. A month later, fertilizing with 40:50 N and K with intercropping activities.

 

Post-cultivation

plant Diseases Spot leaf disease can be controlled by injecting Mancozeb at 2 G / Lit Cleifions4Colar Rot

The disease is caused by schlerotium schlerotium schlerotium rolfsii injury, first injury, mechanical injury, water collar, which spreads to the whole pseudostem and causes a yellowing of the plant. Reforms such as Neem Cake, drench the soil with carbenilazim or apply biocontrol agents such as trichoderma harzianumi @ 2.5 kg / ha mixed with 50kg of lg (lg / lo water) .

 

 

Harvest

harvesting done at 8 months after planting and in especially during the months of February. .Remove the stem and leaves showing the Cam Ting harvests in Elephant Yam. The crop can produce about 30 – 35 t / ha in 240 days.

 

For the purpose of sowing  seeds, you can leave the yams in the field until you plant the next crop, or you can store the lifted yams in the sand or straw of the paddy field.

summary

we would be happy to hear a good news from you if you truly read this article. by now you must have learnt how to cultivate elephant yam and you must have learnt how elephant foot yam cultivation in west Bengal is been done and  this we believe  you can do at your own with the help of no one and as well have gotten knowledge on how to nurture it to grow and as well the factors that may stand to stop its rapid growth. if you really find this article helpful we would be happy if you leave your feedback below on our comment section

do not forget to share along with your friends…..

 

 

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